Personal, Social and Health Education

Personal, Social and Health Education (PSHE) helps to give pupils the knowledge, skills and understanding they need to lead confident, healthy, independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens.

Pupils are encouraged to take part in a wide range of activities and experiences across and beyond the curriculum, contributing fully to the life of their school and communities. In doing so they learn to recognise their own worth, work well with others and become increasingly responsible for their own learning. They reflect on their experiences and understand how they are developing personally and socially, tackling many of the spiritual, moral, social and cultural issues that are part of growing up. They learn to understand and respect our common humanity, diversity and differences so that they can go on to form the effective, fulfilling relationships that are an essential part of life and learning, underpinned by Christian values.

Thrive Approach

We are a school that uses the Thrive approach to develop PSHE in order to support children in their development of a personal identity. Thrive is about encouraging high levels of motivation, positive social interaction and developing the skills to live and work with others effectively. We encourage our pupils to play a positive role in contributing to the life of our school and the wider community. In so doing, we help develop their sense of self-worth and enable pupils to ‘Thrive’.

We use Thrive-Online to assess children in their class or work group.  The results help us to plan our social and emotional curriculum adapted to best meet the needs of all our children.  We also use Thrive-Online to develop action plans for some individual children.  This ensures that the adults working with them understand their individual needs and are able to meet these effectively. Parental consent is always requested before we develop an individual action plan for a child.   

You can find out more about Thrive on the Thrive Approach website: https://www.thriveapproach.com or by downloading our guide for parents:

Thrive Approach – A Parent’s Guide

There is also a Facebook group that you can join by clicking here: Thrive Approach – join for more info and resources.

This simple animated video is great for helping children start to understand the way their brains work and recognise and manage their emotions – it’s great for adults too! Watch the full video here: https://mythrive.uk/2TNsMqX

How PSHE is taught

At Nailsworth C of E Primary School, PSHE is taught in an on-going manner and is informed by the overall school ethos of developing ‘Successful Human Being’ and our School’s Christian values.

Specific, targeted PSHE lessons are typically delivered for 30 minutes per week. We aim to respond in a timely manner with flexibility to the needs of children. This means that the delivery of PSHE can be adapted and tailored to meet the needs of the children of the school at that particular time. New government developments are underway to make ‘Health Education’ and ‘Relationship Education’ Statutory by September 2020. Nailsworth C of E Primary School is taking steps to ensure we are ready to deliver these new statutory subjects. A link to a draft guidance can be found below: 

Relationship (and Sex) Education (RSE)

Relationship Education (and Sex Education in Year 6) is an important part of PSHE education. When any school provides Sex Education they must have regard to the statutory guidance below: 

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/sex-and-relationship-education

You can view our Relationship and Sex Education Policy online here:

https://www.nailsworthschool.org.uk/index.php/about-us/our-policies/ 

Early Years Foundation Stage

We teach PSHE in Reception class as an integral part of the topic work and part of the Foundation Stage of the National Curriculum, relating PSHE to the objectives set out in the Early Learning Goals.

Reception Class

Topic Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 Term 4 Term 5 Term 6
Mental wellbeing

 

Emotions that all humans experience in relation to different experiences and situations Thrive Approach including anger focus and strategies to manage. How to recognise and talk about their emotions. Calming/Peaceful focus and strategies to achieve this. Thrive Approach. How to recognise and talk about their emotions. Thrive Approach. The benefits of exercise and time outdoors on wellbeing and happiness.
Topics below are taught and discussed on an ongoing basis (across terms) in order to meet the needs of the children in that class.
Families Why families are important for us growing up, because they can give love, security and stability.
Caring friendships

 

Mutual respectful friendships, truthfulness, trustworthiness, sharing and turn taking.

Healthy friendships, positive and welcoming towards others, do not exclude or make others feel lonely.

Respectful relationships The importance of respecting others, even when they are different from us.

The ideas and ways of being courteous and having manners.

Online relationships The rules and principles for keeping safe online – this is age appropriate and may make reference to YouTube and online games and will include discussion on appropriate amounts of ‘screen time’ and links to good sleep and bedtime.
Being safe

 

Appropriate boundaries with friends and peers. Respecting others personal space and concept of privacy. Responding to adults properly (including stranger danger).
Physical health and fitness The health benefits of active lifestyle and importance of regular exercise including vigorous exercise. The risk associated with an inactive lifestyle – delivered mainly through P.E.
Healthy eating Foods that can make up a healthy meal. Planning and preparing a meal – use of school kitchen and working with school cooks.
Health maintenance Importance of good quality sleep as it can affect weight, mood and ability to learn. Safe and unsafe exposure to sunshine. Dental Health, hygiene and dentist visits. Self-care, toileting and managing own basic hygiene (links to science curriculum).
School curriculum links The framework of Christian Values and being a Successful Human Being. The Thrive Approach. Maths curriculum including money and financial education. Early Learning Goals and Development Matters.

Key Stage 1

In Key Stage 1, pupils learn about themselves as developing individuals and members of their communities, building on their own experiences and on early learning goals for personal, social and emotional development. They learn the basic skills for keeping themselves healthy and safe and for behaving well. They have opportunities to show they can take some responsibility for themselves and their environment. They begin to learn about their own and other people’s feelings and are becoming aware of the views, needs and rights of other children and older people. As members of a class and school community, they learn skills such as how to share, take turns, play, help others, resolve simple arguments and resist all forms of bullying. They begin to take an active part in the life of our school and the local community. They develop a sense of healthy living and healthy choices.

Year 1 & Year 2

Some topics are taught and discussed on an ongoing basis (across terms) in order to meet the needs of the children in that class.

Topic Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 Term 4 Term 5 Term 6
Families and people who care for me   Characteristics of healthy family life – care, commitment, time and shared experiences. How families in school or the wider world sometimes are different from their family. Diversity.
Caring friendships

 

  Mutual respectful friendships, truthfulness, trustworthiness, sharing and turn taking. Healthy friendships, positive and welcoming towards others, do not exclude or make others feel lonely.
Know that friendships have their difficulties, and these can often be worked through so that a friendship is repaired/strengthened.
Respectful relationships The importance of respecting others, even when they are different from us. 

Different types of bullying and understand this is unacceptable behaviour and who they can get support from in school if needed.

Online relationships The rules and principles for keeping safe online – this is age appropriate and may make reference to YouTube and online games and will include discussion on appropriate amounts of ‘screen time’ and links to good sleep and bedtime.  
Being safe

 

Appropriate boundaries with friends and peers. Respecting others personal space and concept of privacy. Responding to adults properly (including stranger danger).
Mental wellbeing

 

Emotions that all humans experience. Anger and strategies to manage. How to recognise and talk about their emotions. Calming/peaceful focus and strategies to achieve this. Thrive Approach. Breathing and Mindfulness. The benefits of physical exercise and time outdoors on mental wellbeing and happiness.
Physical health and fitness The health benefits of active lifestyle and importance of regular exercise including vigorous exercise. The risk associated with an inactive lifestyle – delivered mainly through PE.
Basic first aid

 

Know where and whom they can get first aid from in school. Know how to make an efficient call to 999 emergency services if necessary when outside school or at home.
Healthy eating Foods that can make up a healthy meal. Planning and preparing a meal – use of school kitchen and working with school cooks.
Health maintenance Importance of good quality sleep as it can affect weight, mood and ability to learn. Safe and unsafe exposure to sunshine. Dental Health, hygiene and dentist visits. Managing own basic hygiene (links to science curriculum).
Continuous Provision The framework of Christian Values and being a Successful Human Being. The Thrive Approach. Maths curriculum including money and financial education. Science curriculum and naming of basic body parts, birth and growth.

Key Stage 2

During Key Stage 2, pupils learn about themselves as growing and changing individuals, with their own experiences and ideas, and as members of their communities. They learn about the wider world and the interdependence of communities within it. They develop their sense of social justice and moral responsibility and begin to understand that their own choices and behaviour can affect local, national or global issues. They learn how to take part more fully in school and community activities. They learn how to make more confident and informed choices about their health and environment; to take more responsibility, individually and in a group, for their own learning; and to resist all forms of bullying. As they begin to develop into young adults, they face the changes of puberty and transfer to secondary school with our support and encouragement.

Year 3 & Year 4

Some topics are taught and discussed on an ongoing basis (across terms) in order to meet the needs of the children in that class.

Topic Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 Term 4 Term 5 Term 6
Families and people who care for me   How families in school or the wider world sometimes are different from their family. Diversity. Know that stable, caring relationships are at the heart of happy families and characterised by love and care for them.

 

 

 

Caring friendships

 

  Mutual respectful friendships, truthfulness, trustworthiness, sharing and turn taking. Recognise who you can and can’t trust and how to judge when a friendship is making them feel unhappy.
Strategies to cultivate friendships and work through the ‘ups and downs’ so that a friendship is repaired/strengthened/improved.
 

Respectful

relationships

The importance of respecting others, even when they are different from us.
Different types of bullying and understand this is unacceptable behaviour and who they can get support from in school if needed.
Online relationships The rules and principles for keeping safe online – this is age appropriate and may make reference to YouTube and ‘online games’ and will include discussion on appropriate amounts of ‘screen time’ and links to good sleep and bedtime. 
Being safe

 

Appropriate boundaries with friends and peers. Respecting others personal space and concept of privacy. Responding to adults properly (including stranger danger).
 

Mental wellbeing

 

Emotions that all humans experience. Anger focus and strategies to manage. Calming/peaceful focus and strategies to achieve this. Thrive Approach. Breathing and Mindfulness. The benefits of physical exercise and time outdoors on mental wellbeing and happiness.
Physical health and fitness The health benefits of active lifestyle and importance of regular exercise including vigorous exercise. The risk associated with an inactive lifestyle – delivered mainly through PE.
Basic first aid

 

Know where and whom they can get first aid from in school. Know how to make an efficient call to 999 emergency services if necessary when outside school or at home.
Healthy eating Foods that can make up a healthy meal. Planning and preparing a meal – use of school kitchen and working with the school cooks.
Health maintenance Importance of good quality sleep as it can affect weight, mood and ability to learn. Safe and unsafe exposure to sunshine. Dental Health, hygiene and dentist visits. Managing own basic hygiene (links to science curriculum).
Continuous Provision The framework of Christian Values and being a Successful Human Being. Facts4Life. The Thrive Approach. Maths curriculum including money and financial education. Science curriculum and naming of basic body parts, birth and growth.

Year 5 & Year 6

Some topics are taught and discussed on an ongoing basis (across terms) in order to meet the needs of the children in that class.

Topic Term 1 Term 2 Term 3 Term 4 Term 5 Term 6
Families Know that stable, caring relationships are at the heart of happy families and characterised by love and care.
Caring friendships Strategies to cultivate friendships and work through the ‘ups and downs’ so that a friendship is repaired/strengthened/improved. Recognise whom you can and cannot trust and how to judge when a friendship is making them feel unhappy
 

Respectful

relationships

The importance of respecting others, even when they are different from us. Know what a stereotype is and how they can be negative and/or unfair. Know the importance of permission seeking and giving in relationships.
Different types of bullying and understand this is unacceptable behaviour and who they can get support from in school or outside.
Online relationships People sometimes behave differently online including pretending to be someone they are not. How to critically consider their on line friendships. Awareness of risks associated with people they have never met. Know that principles of respect for others should apply with online friendships as well as face to face. Know what types of data (including personal data) is shared and used online and how to protect their personal information.
Being safe

 

Each person’s body belongs to them and appropriate / inappropriate contact (e.g. shake hands, hug a friend or family member, high five-team mate). Know where to get advice when needed from school.
 

Mental wellbeing

 

Emotions that all humans experience in relation to different experiences and situations Thrive Approach including anger focus and strategies to manage. Calming/peaceful focus and strategies to achieve this. Thrive Approach. Breathing and Mindfulness. Know that it is common for people to experience mental ill health. For many who do, the problems can resolve with the right support. Isolation, loneliness and bullying can have negative or long lasting effects on wellbeing.
Physical health and fitness The health benefits of active lifestyle and importance of regular exercise including vigorous exercise. The risk associated with an inactive lifestyle – delivered mainly through PE.
Basic first aid

 

Know where and whom they can get first aid from in school. Know how to make an efficient call to 999 emergency services if necessary when outside school or at home.  Concepts of basic 1st aid for dealing with common injuries. Self-rescue in swimming.
Healthy eating Foods that can make up a healthy meal. Planning and preparing a meal – use of school kitchen and working with school cooks. Characteristics of poor diet, calories, obesity and balanced energy intake and output. Importance of Vitamins and Minerals (Micronutrients).
Health maintenance Importance of good quality sleep as it can affect weight, mood and ability to learn. Safe and unsafe exposure to sunshine. Dental Health, hygiene and dentist visits. Managing own hygiene (links to science curriculum).
Drugs, alcohol and tobacco Facts about the legal and illegal harmful substances and their risks. Including smoking, alcohol use and drug taking.
Changing adolescent body and Sex Education (Parents of children in year 6 are sent a letter at start of term 5 regarding Sexual Education provision prior to lesson delivery. Including parental option to withdraw child from lessons). Year 5 – Changes in the adolescent body and puberty (science curriculum – no parent right to withdraw)

Year 6 – Living and Growing DVD and separate male/female discussion groups post lesson (parent right to withdraw). Puberty re-cap from Y5. Transitions to secondary school

Continuous Provision The framework of Christian Values and being a Successful Human Being. Facts4Life. The Thrive Approach. Maths curriculum including money and financial education. Science curriculum.

Useful Links:

Gloucestershire Healthy Living and Learning resources and links for Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2
Resilience – Make Me a Superhero
Counting Sleep
Facts for Life
Focused for Learning – Mindfulness
Financial Education
Different Families Same Love
Thrive
Mental Health resources and links

Online Safety:

Protecting Children Online is  our webpage with many useful resources relating to online safety